What is CBD?
What is CBD – Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring compound found only in the Cannabis plant family, of which both Marijuana and hemp belong. Unique to this family, CBDa and CBD are just the beginning- each hemp plant contains over 700 known chemical compounds, including over 100 different phyto cannabinoids. Still in its early stages of research, CBD was a controlled substance until 2018, which means human trials are rare and its clinical effects are still relatively unproven. The majority of the information is either anecdotal, based on animal tests, or from studies that have used Marijuana. However, with legalization and a larger number of people using CBD from hemp, the potential benefits with minimal drawbacks have quickly become apparent. CBD has grabbed the attention of many people looking for a natural remedy to many different ailments.
What is CBDa?
CBDa, or CBD In The Raw – Also called CBD-acid, CBDa is the precursor to the CBD molecule found in the raw or unheated form of hemp and cannabis. Through decarboxylation, a chemical reaction creating by applying high heat to raw hemp
plant material, CBDa is converted into CBD. Among the medical cannabis community, practitioners consider raw CBDa to be an essential component to a true full spectrum hemp product. While it is an incredibly exciting research topic still in its infancy, CBDa has been identified as a COX-2 inhibitor, an antioxidant, and it has potent anti-nausea properties. It may also interact with serotonin receptors and is also the subject of several cancer studies.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes enhance the benefits of CBD – Introducing the “Entourage effect”: A proposed mechanism by which both cannabinoids and terpenes, along with other molecules present, act in a synergistic way to potentially enhance or modify some of the plant’s effects. Beyond cannabinoids, one of the most prominent chemicals in the Cannabis plant family are terpenes. In recent studies, one of the most exciting terpenes, called BetaCaryophyllene, has gained attention as one of the first noncannabinoids to proven to interact with the CB1 cannabinoid receptors and possibly the CB2 receptors. Such receptors are found in the brain and central nervous system, as well as immune tissues throughout the body; this led scientists to understand that these receptor sites, once activated, cause a reduction of inflammation and overall pain. Scientists are now determining that the presence of Terpenes is absolutely essential to realize the full potential the pain-reducing benefits of CBD. One more thing to note: it is actually the terpenes- not the cannabinoids- that give this plant family its distinctive smell and taste. Without Terpenes present, the products we produce would not have the clean or pure aroma you associate with CBD